ERIC Number: ED043384
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
The Effect on Aggression of Variation in Amount of Opportunity for Play. (Internal Report).
The effect of a high-opportunity (HO) versus a low-opportunity (LO) play environment on the aggression of preschool children was investigated, hypothesizing that the LO play environment will elicit significantly more aggression than the HO play environment. The two environments were presented randomly to one group of 10 4-year-olds, five of each sex, on 12 consecutive 15-minute play sessions, with the stipulation that each environment be presented six times. There was no pre-experimental familiarization period due to information, later proven incorrect, that the subjects were adequately familiar with all the play apparatus. Results indicate that the high-level aggression in the first two LO sessions is solely responsible for the significant difference between the aggression in the LO versus the HO environments. Anecdotal records indicate that this high-level aggression can be attributed to a novel piece of equipment, a rocker, resulting in a recommendation for further study of the relation between novelty and aggression. The discussion identifies some factors relevant in the aggression education of young children. The design of similar studies using subjects who would presumably exhibit high-level aggression in high-opportunity environments is recommended. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Aggression, Behavior Patterns, Classroom Observation Techniques, Environmental Influences, Group Behavior, Interaction Process Analysis, Middle Class, Physical Environment, Preschool Children
University of Illinois, Children's Research Center, Urbana, Illinois
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois State Dept. of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, Springfield.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Children's Research Center.