ERIC Number: ED043382
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
78 Battered Children: A Retrospective Study.
Skinner, Angela E.; Castle, Raymond L.
The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children financed this study of the battered-child syndrome and provided case study data on a sample of 78 battered children under the age of 4 years, from low socioeconomic status families. Case study information was transferred to a precoded questionnaire. Tables of demographic and medical data on parents and children are included in this report. Fifty-six percent of the children in the sample were less than a year old, emphasizing that risk occurs at a very young age. Study findings indicate that relatively minor bruises and facial trauma often signal the beginning of increasingly violent injury, avertible by early diagnosis and intervention. In families where the first child was battered, chances were 13 to 1 that a subsequent child would be injured. The reliability of previous suggestions that one child is often singled out for battering is therefore questionable. The parents appeared to have long-standing personality problems (habitually agressive and/or emotionally impoverished) heightened by the demands of parenthood. Too frequent observation of battering families by many workers without specific treatment goals can increase family stress and is not in the child's interest. There is a great need for earlier recognition and protection of the battered child and for therapeutic services for the parents. (NH)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Case Records, Child Abuse, Child Welfare, Family Problems, Family (Sociological Unit), Intervention, Literature Reviews, Parent Background, Parent Child Relationship, Tables (Data)
NSPCC Information Department, 1 Riding House Street, London W1P 8AA. (Five shillings, $0.65)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children, London (England).