ERIC Number: ED043223
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jul-30
Reference Count: 0
The Primacy Effect of Single-Trial Free Recall.
Bruce, Darryl; Papay, James P.
In three experiments using a single-trial, free-recall procedure, subjects were sometimes presented a forget cue during a list, meaning that they were not responsible for recalling any of the words which preceded it, only those which followed it. Since the primacy effect over the functional beginning of such lists was not diminished, the proactive inhibition (PI) hypothesis was rejected. The primacy effect may be due to initial list members being relatively free of PI, spending longer time in a limited-capacity rehearsal buffer or being associated with stronger retrieval cues. Tests of memory showed consistently depressed retention of items immediately preceding a forget cue. This result was considered to be more in harmony with a rehearsal-buffer notion than a stronger-retrieval-cues position. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Personnel and Training Branch.
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Computer-Assisted Instruction Center.