ERIC Number: ED043194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Reference Count: N/A
Study of Training Equipment and Individual Differences. The Effects of Subject Matter Variables. Final Technical Report.
Tallmadge, G. Kasten; And Others
Two separate subject matter areas were selected for investigation which were felt to represent two distinct types of learning situations. One was a kind of logico-mathematical procedure; the other was a visual form discrimination task. Two separate courses were developed for each subject matter area. One reflected an inductive instructional approach and the other a deductive method. Each of the four courses was administered to between 55 and 60 Navy enlisted men. Twenty-eight measures of aptitudes, interests, and personality variables were obtained on each subject. Based on correlation coefficients computed between individual difference measures and examination scores, an unweighted means analysis of variance model was employed to assess the effects of instructional methods, subject matter areas, and interest levels. The results of this study strongly support the existence of learning styles and suggest that multi-track instruction based on learning styles might be a cost-effective way of enhancing learning. Those individual difference measures which interacted with instructional methods and subject matters were all non-cognitive in nature. It would be expected, therefore, that learning styles too might be independent of specific aptitude ability traits. A list of references is appended. (Author/JY)
Descriptors: Correlation, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Experiments, Individual Characteristics, Learning, Performance Factors, Programed Instruction, Teaching Methods
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-671 842, MF $.65, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, IL. Dental Research Facility.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.