ERIC Number: ED043084
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Encoding Verbal Units in Memory: Changes in Memory Attributes as a Function of Age, Instructions, and Retention Interval. Technical Report Number 134. Project on Situational Variables and Efficiency of Concept Learning.
Ghatala, Elizabeth Schwenn
Recognition errors of children in Grades 2, 4, and 6 were examined. Subjects learned words under intentional or incidental instructions and were tested immediately or 48 hours later. Subjects had to choose a target word from among acoustic, conceptual, associative and neutral distractors. The immediate recognition of 2nd-grade subjects was dominated by acoustic errors, that of 4th and 6th graders by associative and conceptual errors. Instructions had little effect on types of errors. Over the interval, acoustic errors decreased relative to the other error types. Development changes in memory attributes and differential forgetting of attributes was inferred. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.