ERIC Number: ED043040
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Reference Count: 0
An Application of the Behavior Change Principles of Role Playing and Shaping to the Training of Counselors.
Spector, Patricia Ann Jakubowski
A brief description of standard procedures used in training counselors is presented, and their net effect explained. The author feels that when the student counselor begins practicum, he is burdened with semi-crippling expectations of how he is supposed to do counseling according to a rigidly held, inadequately known theoretical counseling model. The need for a pre-practicum simulated counseling experience is next discussed. Such an experience involving 30 master's students, working in groups of three which meet two or three times a week in conjunction with their Theories of Counseling course is described. The three students interchanged and enacted the roles of client, counselor and reactor. Emphasis was placed on the utilization of the behavior change principles of role playing and shaping. These as well as the goals of pre-practicum training are fully discussed. The effects of both techniques are presented. The paper concludes by acknowledging that the description of the pre-practicum experience was observational and without experimental, back-up data, but that initial indications were that it is a fruitful approach deserving of further research. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.; Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO.
Note: Paper presented at the American Personnel and Guidance Association Convention, April, 1969