NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED042823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Differential Rate of Promotion from the First Grade in School for White and Negro, Male and Female 7-Year Old Children.
Henderson, Norman B.; And Others
The children followed at the University of Oregon Medical school site of the Collaborative Study on Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Other Neurological and Sensory Disorders of Infancy and Childhood comprised the research population. This study included 910 children--all of those completing the seven-year examination. About 65 percent were white and 33 percent Negro. Control is instituted for socioeconomic-educational status and age. Thirty-five percent of white males, 49 percent of white females, and 45 percent of Negro males and females completed first grade when tested. Of these, 38 percent of white boys, 13 percent of white girls, seven percent of Negro boys, and five percent of Negro girls were retained in the first grade. The higher rate among white boys than Negro boys contradicts prevalent expectations. The difference in the promotion-retention rate for this sample of white boys in comparison to Negro boys is not a function of lower mean school achievement nor of mean intelligence scores. In part, it can be explained by greater homogeneity of achievement by the Negro children. The higher retention rates for white boys appeared to be a function also of the promotion policies of schools serving low socio-economic groups. (Authors/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oregon