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ERIC Number: ED042563
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Language Survey of Entering Primary Students (Rural Schools).
Carruthers, J. B.
With the cooperation of the Alaska state-operated schools and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), a study of language capabilities of entering primary students was accomplished. Some 175 rural schools were contacted, and replies were received from 96 schools--a 55% response rate, of which 38 (35%) were received from state-operated schools and 58 (87%) were received from BIA schools. Using a special form, the teachers in responding schools were asked for language information about entering primary students. (Students repeating the grade were excluded.) Information was collected on language used by students in the classroom and on the playground, and in the home by parents. Language used in the classroom was broken into categories: speaks no English (5.5%), speaks only single English words (13.7%), speaks English in no more than phrases (19.4%), speaks English in complete sentences (61.5%). Data on language spoken by students on the playground showed that 59.9% spoke English, 27.9% spoke a native language, and 11.9% were bilingual. Data on language spoken by parents showed that 41.0% spoke English, 28.4% spoke a native language, and 30.1% were bilingual. Marked differences were found between BIA and state-operated schools. Based on the survey, it is generalized that bilingual programs in Alaska are necessary. Eleven tables and a sample of the data-collection form are included. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Office of Planning and Research.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska