ERIC Number: ED042509
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
The Distribution of Teacher Approval and Disapproval of Head Start Children. Final Report.
Meyer, William J.; Lindstrom, David
The main purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a sample of white and Negro Head Start teachers exhibited any bias toward a particular sex or race among their students. Bias was defined as a disproportionate distribution of verbal approval and disapproval. The children were also observed to determine their frequency of "blameworthy" and "praiseworthy" behaviors. A secondary purpose of the study was the observation of general classroom interaction in order to examine its relation to the principles of reinforcement learning theory. Thirteen classes (126 children in all) served as sample, each with a teacher and a teacher aide. Measurement involved pre- and posttesting, 4 hours of classroom observation, and extensive interviews. Results indicate that, with one or two exceptions, the teachers exhibited no racial or sexual bias. It was also found that the Head Start teachers used more disapproval than approval, a pattern of behavior inconsistent with the principles of general reinforcement theory for classroom interaction. Furthermore, the teacher's use of disapproval and approval was not contingent on specific behaviors. There was a significant negative relationship between teacher disapproval and an index of motivation. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Syracuse Univ., NY.