ERIC Number: ED042500
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Shoe is to Tie: A Film Demonstration of Programming Self-Help Skills for Preschool Children. Progress Report.
Cooper, Margaret L.
At the Edna A. Hill Preschool Laboratories at the University of Kansas, children between the ages of two and five are being taught two kinds of precise skills, some to prepare them for the academic world and others to enable them to care for themselves more independently. Behavior analysis and application of reinforcement principles make earlier skill development possible. In this program, skills are programmed by simplifying the steps, isolating the specific responses, and consistently reinforcing correct responses. The amount of time and effort exerted by both child and adult is greatly decreased. An example of a self-help skill taught in this program is shoe-tying. As the child learns the skill, he is reinforced, the extra-long laces are shortened, and the instructions are phased out until he can tie his own shoes with no instructions. Through such programming, skills have been successfully and easily taught to children in the program at earlier ages than would traditionally be expected. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center.