ERIC Number: ED042213
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Proprioceptive Factors in Operative Timing.
Ellis, M. J.
Time estimation is improved when the interval is filled with a motor response, with the proprioceptive feedback (PFB) presumably acting as a mediator. Altering the resistive dynamics of a handle moved 60 centimeters to fill a two-second interval manipulated the PFB from the response. Spelling aloud 2-, 3-, and 4-letter words during the motor response controlled the PFB from spelling and prevented overt counting. Eighty-four 11-14 year old boys were given immediate KR, the lapsed time for the motor response, for 50 or 60 trials according to the design. Only the condition reducing PFB to a minimum, no movement and no spelling, prevented accurate estimates, but above a minimal level accuracy, consistency and rapidity of learning increased with increasing PFB. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois State Dept. of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, Springfield.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Children's Research Center.