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ERIC Number: ED042147
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Programmed Language Instruction for Developing Countries.
Bung, Klaus
This paper considers the differences in the initial education and financial situation between industrial and developing countries. Programed learning (PL) techniques and PS research cannot be taken over wholesale from industrial countries, but techniques have to be adapted and the emphasis of research has to be changed. These principles are discussed with reference to the medium of presentation (teaching machines, book programs, tape-recorders, group teaching devices, visual aids, etc.) and to the subject matter. The subject matter has to be closely analyzed and a general theory and programing procedure to be developed which allows for the greater multiplicity of language, the greater multiplicity of specific learning purposes and the greater shortage of money in developing countries. The lack of task analysis and the universal cult of perfectionism in European language instruction are criticised. Methods for making the programs shorter and cheaper are proposed. The special problems of programmed instruction in a language which is to be used as a medium of instruction are discussed as well as the programing of vocabulary and the problems of dialect speakers who have to learn the related standard language for specific purposes. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (Author/FWB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper read at the Seminar "Programmed Instruction for Developing Countries," Vienna, Austria, March 4-8, 1969