ERIC Number: ED042139
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Interference, Integration and the Synchronic Fallacy.
Mackey, William F.
The purposes of this paper are to examine the effects of synchronic description in distinguishing between interference and integration in cases of language contact, and to suggest alternative methods of description suitable for the analysis of systems in motion. The "synchronic fallacy" is defined here as the belief that one can describe a language as if at any one point in time its code were stable. The author first considers the implications of "synchronic fallacy" to see how it relates to the distinction between integration and interference. He then studies the possible ways of measuring integration and analyzes the quantitative relationship between integration and availability with sample measurements. While the author does not feel that this may be the only way out of the dilemma, he hazards the following general conclusions on the analysis of integration as distinct from interference: (1) conventional synchronic analysis is unsuited to the description of mixed and rapidly changing codes; (2) code integration is relative; (3) its relativity can be measured; and (4) interference can be stated in terms of this relative integration. [Not available in hardcopy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (AMM)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Computer Programs, Descriptive Linguistics, Diachronic Linguistics, English (Second Language), French, Interference (Language), Language Usage, Linguistic Borrowing, Linguistic Theory, Measurement Techniques, Probability, Statistical Analysis
International Center for Research on Bilingualism, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Laval Univ., Quebec (Quebec). International Center for Research on Bilingualism.
Note: Paper prepared for the Twenty-first Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., March 1970