ERIC Number: ED042098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Variance in Self-Report Measures of Disadvantaged Young Adults as a Function of Race and Stated Purpose of Testing.
Cotnam, John Dale
The study investigated the differential effects of subjects' race, examiners' race, and stated purpose of testing upon self-report measures of disadvantaged young adults. A sample of students enrolled in a Manpower Development and Training Center participated. A black, and a white, examiner administered self-report instruments to 40 black and 40 white subjects, randomly assigned to four racially integrated testing groups. The self-report measures encompassed self concept, work values, and purported educational attainment. Several self concept scales, a work values inventory and a personal data sheet were administered to the subjects. The examiners read a "helping" statement of purpose emphasizing the use of the results for the subjects' self understanding in two of the groups. A"competitive" statement of purpose implying the use of the results for job placement was read to the other two. It was hypothesized that examiners of unlike race would represent a "threat" to the subjects, and that competitive statements would prompt greater self favoring bias. Based on the results it was concluded that self favoring bias occurred for both black and white students. Black and white examiners represented different demand characteristics to subjects of both races, but there was no evidence that examiners of unlike race were a threat to the subjects of either race. (Author/PT)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bias, Competitive Selection, Disadvantaged Youth, Doctoral Dissertations, Examiners, Investigations, Racial Differences, Racial Integration, Self Concept, Self Evaluation, Social Reinforcement, Testing, Work Attitudes, Young Adults
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No. 70-2928, MF $3.00, Xerography $7.40)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY.
Note: Ph.D. Thesis