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ERIC Number: ED042006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Pages: 96
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Acquisition of Standard English Speech Habits Using Second-Language Techniques: An Experiment in Speech Modification and Generalization in the Verbal Behavior of Prison Inmates.
McKee, John M.; And Others
Many people take for granted the use of language as a tool for coping with everyday occupational and social problems. However, there are those, such as prison inmates, who have difficulty using language in this manner. Realizing that prison inmates are not always able to communicate effectively through standard patterns of speech and thus are hampered in their rehabilitation efforts, this project focused on the modification of their substandard speech habits . Subjects were 21 Draper inmates matched on the basis of pre-oral usage test and divided into two control groups and one experimental group. Measures were taken and percentage change scores from pre- to posttreatment were employed as the units for analytical processing. A major finding was that all experimental inmates showed increments that averaged 36 percent while a majority of the control inmates showed slight to moderate decrements averaging 6 percent. In concluding it was noted that the speech intervention drills and discussions were directly effective in modifying oral usage and indirectly effective by way of generalization of training in similar and dissimilar behavioral areas. (Author/JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Special Manpower Programs.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A