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ERIC Number: ED041913
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 152
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Some Educational Implications Derived from a Comparison of Adult Spoken and Written Vocabularies.
Phillips, W. Wendell
A list of English words used most frequently in adult speech (based on "A Spoken Word Count" by Lyle V. Jones and Joseph M. Wepman) was compared to a list of words used most frequently in adult writing (based on Ernest Horn's "A Basic Writing Vocabulary, 10,000 Words Most Commonly Used in Writing"). Conclusions were that (1) word selection varies greatly between spoken and written communication; (2) no significant correlation exists between the frequency of use of words even at the highest levels of use-frequency; (3) longer words tend to be used more in written than in spoken communication; (4) adults write, as opposed to speak, words with more syllables; (5) Old English derivations occur in higher proportions among high frequency words than among lower frequency ones (87% of oral and 89% of written in the 100 highest frequency words are of Old English etymology); (6) although some parts of speech are rarely used in spoken English, the words used most frequently are generally used more than lesser-used words in "multiple part-of-speech patterns." Implications for teachers include that written and spoken vocabularies do not necessarily overlap, and that teachers should introduce the highest use-frequency words as early as possible and concentrate on the child's mastering them. (Author/LH)
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Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, The University of New Mexico