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ERIC Number: ED041884
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 132
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Hierarchy of Skills in Listening Comprehension and Reading Comprehension.
Hackett, Marie Gannon
This research was concerned with the applicability of a hierarchically-ordered test of achievement to the diagnosis and assessment of listening skills and reading skills. The results of a listening and reading achievement test which had been administered to 1,186 students in grades 2, 5, 8, and 11 were evaluated on a pass-fail basis for each skill in a hierarchy (ordered from simple to complex) of 11 language comprehension skills: (1) identifying the stated main idea; (2) providing examples by detail; (3) reinstating a sequence of ideas; (4) inferring the main idea from specifics; (5) identifying mood; (6) applying standards to judge persuasion; (7) predicting the sequence of thought; (8) inferring connotative word meaning; (9) identifying sequence ambiguities; (10) inferring speaker's or writer's purpose; and (11) judging logical validity. Chi-square analyses of these ordered patterns were statistically significant, revealing the predictability of higher level skills from attainment of lower level ones. No significant differences in skills were indicated by scores obtained from the testing of reading vs. the testing of listening in equivalent groups. Significant differences were found for both listening and reading in the mean scores associated with student socioeconomic background. (Author/MF)
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Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley