ERIC Number: ED041833
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Behavioral Objectives and Rate of Forgetting.
Cook, J. Marvin
Based on the broader needs for long-term studies of the effects of instructional treatments, for behavioral objectives, and for learning hierarchies, this research investigated differences in the effect on learning and rate of forgetting when students are informed of the behavioral objectives and learning hierarchy. It was expected that students who were informed of the behavioral objectives of an activity would perform higher on achievement and retention posttests. Nine null hypotheses were tested, using 88 elementary education majors divided into four groups. Students were classified according to their ability levels and each group received different information concerning the use of the self-instructional text material. Posttests were administered immediately on completion of the unit to compare the degree of learning, and after 2 weeks to compare the rate of forgetting. Analysis of variance was used in evaluating the data, and results showed that of the nine hypotheses formulated, the data supported two--that the four treatments result in different rates of forgetting, and that the differences in over-all performance scores resulting from the four treatments are not identically reflected at each ability level. A further study is being prepared in a typical classroom situation without the use of self-instructional materials. (MBM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., Baltimore. Div. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the 1970 annual meeting of AERA, Minneapolis, March, 1970