ERIC Number: ED041812
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of Advance Organizers for Teaching Geography to Disadvantaged Rural Black Elementary Students.
Steinbrink, John E.
The study employed geography as the substantive content to develop and evaluate instructional materials that reflect one theoretical approach to teaching the disadvantaged -- Ausubel's model of verbal reception learning using advance organizers. It was hypothesized that 5th and 6th grade pupils would learn more geography content by using textual materials with theoretical advance organizers and narrative daily organizers, relating the specific daily lessons to the conceptual model, than by using identical materials with no advance organizers. Three teachers taught both the experimental and control groups (six classes, 156 subjects). The treatment was Comparative Rural Landscapes (appended), a unit written by the author. The author's Geography Achievement Test (appended), a 50 item multiple choice test, was used to pretest and posttest the subjects. Univariate analysis of multiple covariance, with reading achievement and pretest scores as covariates, was used to analyze the criterion measures -- the posttest. Treatments-by-teacher interaction and differences between teachers were not significant. Experimental groups had significantly higher scores. Implications for textbook revision, teaching the disadvantaged, and further research are discussed. (DJB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Advance Organizers, Area Studies, Cognitive Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Research, Disadvantaged Youth, Doctoral Dissertations, Experimental Curriculum, Geography Instruction, Instructional Materials, Intermediate Grades, Learning Theories, Models, Social Studies, Statistical Analysis, Teaching Methods, Units of Study, Verbal Learning
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens.