ERIC Number: ED041639
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Development of Grammatical Structures and Attributes in Pre-School Age Children. Final Report.
Nurss, Joanne R.; Day, David E.
This study examined several aspects of language development in young children. Base line data was gathered from Southern urban higher status white and lower status white and black 4-year-olds on measures of: (1) proficiency in certain aspects of standard American English, (2) use of attributes in description, and (3) ability to imitate, comprehend, and produce selected grammatical structures. A total of 147 children attending preschool classes were pre- and posttested on the Day Language Screen and the Brown, Fraser, Bellugi Test of Grammatical Contrasts. Data were also collected concerning the language program in each of the classrooms and the demography of the subjects. The results indicate that there are status-race differences in the development of language skills in 4-year-olds, with the higher status white group scoring significantly higher in all three categories on the pre- and posttests. However, the two lower status groups had significantly greater gain scores, indicating that the remedial language program used in their classes improved their proficiency in standard American English and raised their level of language maturity. It is suggested that direct instruction in language skills be given to the lower status preschool child, in an effort to avoid later reading difficulty. (Author/NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA.; Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.