ERIC Number: ED041634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Race and Sex Identification in Preschool Children.
Identification is a learning process important to the development of self-concept and to the role behavior of an individual. This study investigated the degree of race and sex identification and preference in both black and white disadvantaged preschool children. The measurement instrument developed was a 96-item paired picture selection task consisting of 13 sub-series of items that examined race and sex identification, race and sex preference, race labeling, color labeling and preference, and the dominance of race or sex criteria in subjects' response patterns. The sample was comprised of 168 4-year-old black and white children from Head Start and day care centers. The data revealed that: (1) white children identified with their own sex more than did black children, (2) white children and black children both identified with and preferred the white race, (3) black examiners didn't increase the black children's preference for the black race, (4) boys preferred their own sex less than did girls, with no difference between the races, (5) sex was the dominant selection criterion for all groups, (6) no relationship appeared between preference for the white race and expressed preference for color, and (7) half the subjects pointed to the same picture whether it was labeled "good" or "bad." (Author/MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Head Start Evaluation and Research.