ERIC Number: ED041615
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Experiments in Head Start and Early Education: The Effects of Teacher Attitude and Curriculum Structure on Preschool Disadvantaged Children. Final Report.
Erickson, Edsel L.; And Others
This study assesses: (1) immediate and long term academic and personal adjustment effects of the Bereiter-Engelmann preschool program and of the traditional enrichment preschool program, as well as the effects of no preschool experience; (2) effects of the above programs on children at the kindergarten level; (3) interactive effects of each type of preschool when combined with each type of kindergarten; and (4) program impact on teachers and parents. Subjects were inner city preschool children: 180 randomly assigned to each of the two experimental programs and 640 to the control group, given no Head Start treatment. Data were obtained on the subject's medical/dental status, use of language other than English, family characteristics, and home and classroom behavior. For the 2-year period studied, conclusions were that the Bereiter-Engelmann program was superior to the enrichment preschool program in positively modifying educational levels. It was found that long term effects need not be qualified by subject data variables. Initial teacher attitudes stacked the success odds against, rather than for, the superior program. It is recommended that the subjects in this study be followed for at least 2 more years, that further research be done on the impact of teacher attitudes; and that continuing program evaluations be made. Appendixes comprise half of the document. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Research, Disadvantaged Youth, Experimental Curriculum, Individual Development, Kindergarten, Parent School Relationship, Preschool Education, Program Evaluation, Teacher Attitudes
Western's Campus Bookstore, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Mich 49001 ($6.25 plus .50 post. & handling, ck. payable to W. Campus Bookstore)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo. Center for Sociological Research.