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ERIC Number: ED041584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 259
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
From Tappan to Lange: Evolution of the Public Junior College Idea.
Gallagher, Edward Arthur
This study is a historical analysis of the public junior college idea and its emergence. The thoughts and actions of Henry P. Tappan, William W. Folwell, William R. Harper, David S. Jordan, and Alexis Lange contributed most to its origin and development. These men, products of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, were strongly influenced by the social forces of German elitism, Darwinism, industrialism, urbanism, science and technology, and progressivism. The evolution of the public junior college idea, covering approximately seven decades, passed through the following identifiable stages: (1) Tappan, influenced by the spirit of German elitism, desired to rid the University of Michigan of "secondary school subjects" and provide graduate study opportunities there for an "intellectual elite;" (2) Harper and Jordan, proposing that grades 13 and 14 be relegated to high schools, influenced both the development of the junior college's transfer function, and the provision of a liberal education for more people through grade 14; (3) Jordan and Lange, believing that the "junior college years" should not be "subordinate" to university work, led the struggle for equal status in the educational system; and (4) Lange, defining a well-developed junior college as one that provided transfer and adult education, occupational programs, and community service, established the ideological foundation for later development of the community college. (Author/JO)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 69-2319, Microfilm $3.35, Xerography $11.70)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. dissertation