ERIC Number: ED041348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Survey of Cognitive Styles in Maryland Ninth-Graders. Feelings of Control Over Academic Achievement.
Entwisle, Doris R.; Greenberger, Ellen
As part of a survey of cognitive style variables in Maryland ninth-graders, sense of control is measured by the Crandall scales for intellectual achievement responsibility. Feelings of control over success are greater than those over failure for both sexes. The results of this study disagree with previous work in four ways: (1) control beliefs do not predict school achievement; (2) middle class girls express lower feelings of control than comparable boys; (3) positive association between IQ and control is manifest only for boys; and (4) relationships between social class and control beliefs are the opposite of what has been found previously, with lower class students expressing higher control beliefs. Explanations for the divergent results are proposed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.