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ERIC Number: ED041308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Test of Two Explanations of the Role of Verbal Pretraining on Subsequent Discrimination Learning.
Smothergill, D. W.; Cook, Harold
The author initially cites the associationistic position of Spiker and the perceptual learning position of E. Gibson and concludes that the existing data does not clearly support either hypothesis. He describes a new approach designed to test these explanations of the role of verbal pretraining on subsequent discrimination learning. It consists of verbal repetition (satiation) of the names previously learned to the objects. Fifty-one white middle-class preschoolers were subjects. The procedure was extensively outlined and included three phases: (1) Discrimination Training; (2) Satiation; and (3) Criterion Task. The data collected was clearly in accord with the predictions from perceptual learning theory and contrary to those of associationism. The author concludes, however, although Gibson's position was supported, it lacks a specificity of mechanism which seems, at present, to preclude a very direct test of it. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY.; Syracuse Univ., NY.