ERIC Number: ED041296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Inter-Racial Group Experience for the Reduction of Racial Tension.
Samuels, Arthur S.
Encounter groups, in which blacks and whites were brought together to reduce their mutual fear and hatred, are discussed. Major goals of the groups were: (1) to decrease isolation and separation between the races, thereby reducing distorted interracial conceptions; and (2) to help group members feel accepted as fellow human beings by members of both races. Group structure is considered on the basis of the author's experience. Such facets as recruitment, consistency, duration and content are included. The paper describes some of the major processes which occur in these complex groups. Among these are: (1) resistance to personal involvement; (2) dealing with the realities of community prejudice; (3) using personality differences as a means of undercutting racial separateness; (4) physical activity; and (5) the value of racial identity in the evolution of group. cohesiveness. The role of the group leader during various stages of the group was closely scrutinized. The paper concluded hopefully that what is learned in such groups might be extended to the community at large. (TL)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Training, Culture Contact, Group Dynamics, Individual Development, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Relationship, Racial Relations, Sensitivity Training, Therapy
Arthur S. Samuels, Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1524 Aline Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70115
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA.