ERIC Number: ED041212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of Rewards in Motivating Marginal Members of the Work Force.
Porter, Lyman W.
This paper deals with the use of rewards for on-the-job motivation toward better attendance and performance of marginal workers (those who have not been employed on a regular basis but who are presumed to be capable of becoming adequate workers). Possible rewards are 1) financial (wage increases and fringe benefits); 2) interpersonal (social status, praise, friendship); 3) intrinsic to work (satisfaction in completing a task, or attaining a goal, or in expending energy); 4) developmental (opportunity to increase skills, or for personal growth). The way rewards are administered is often very crucial. Methods may be 1) operant conditioning (rewarding the person in a way so that he makes successive approximations toward the desired behavior; 2) modeling, or social imitation; and 3) knowing the kind of rewards a person wants and attempting to generate increased desire for other rewards. (NL)
Descriptors: Attendance, Behavior Change, Fringe Benefits, Incentives, Industry, Models, Motivation, Reinforcement, Research, Rewards, Scheduling, Task Performance, Unskilled Workers, Wages
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-701-689, MF $0.65, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Performance Research, Inc., Washington, DC.