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ERIC Number: ED040956
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Classification Practice Selection Strategy and Attribute Labeling in Initial Concept Identification and Subsequent Learning from Prose.
Deno, Stanley L.; And Others
To determine the effects of several types of prior training in learning to identify instances of subject matter concepts and to assess the transfer effects of prior learning of strategy and content on learning from prose, 132 college sophomores inductively or deductively learned to identify schematic examples of abnormal EKG wave patterns after receiving one or combination of 1) practice at classifying geometric forms with or without using a focus scanning strategy; or 2) specific training on identifying and labeling component attributes of the concept "EKG wave." After attaining criterion on original learning (OL) with the schematics, Ss were given a transfer test on actual EKG tracings. All Ss then read and were tested on a 300-word prose passage. Simple and multiple inferential statistical comparisons of the mean scores on OL and transfer tests for eleven treatment and control groups revealed that deductive learning was superior to inductive in OL and transfer tests; training on identifying attributes improved performance on transfer tests but not on OL; receiving practice in classifying, with and without strategy, did not significantly improve performance. Results suggest that teaching selection strategies does not readily improve performance on complex classification tasks; deductive approaches to learning concepts are more efficient in original learning and in transfer; prior training on the elements of a concept is a potent variable effective in facilitation transfer. (Author/JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A