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ERIC Number: ED040421
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Variations in the Nursery School Setting on Environmental Constraints and Children's Modes of Adaption.
Berk, Laura E.
Schoggen's description of environmental force units (EFU), actions or constraints upon a child, was the focus of this study. Since those EFU's under investigation conflicted with the child's immediate intentions and desires, they are referred to as conflict EFU's. The study asks how specific characteristics of preschool settings affect the natural occurrence of environmental constraints and children's adaptations to them. A Montessori class, a University Nursery School and two Head Start classes comprised the observed settings. The classification scheme devised by Wolfson and Jackson was used to describe conflictual situations. Fourteen modes of adaption are discussed. Several variables were studied and the findings are extensively presented. The author concludes that despite the high occurrance of conflict EFU in the school environments studied, behavioral changes are effected gradually and temperately, which is in agreement with previous studies done by Fawls (1963) and Schoggen (1963). (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.; Illinois State Univ., Normal.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 2-6, 1970