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ERIC Number: ED040387
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Nov-26
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Standard English to Non-Standard Speakers.
McDavid, Raven I., Jr.
The situation in the U.S. is different from that in England, France and other European countries: in each of those countries there is something that is known as the standard language, and a number of dialects apart from the standard language. There is also a rather close consensus on what the standard dialect is (especially on phonological lines). The situation in the U.S. is more complicated regarding standard speech. Several regional varieties exist, and within these are social varieties. There are, in addition, groups of people who speak a variety of English heavily enlarded with some other language. The most critical problem is the Negro in the large city slums whose speech is marked by striking phonological differences. The individual speaker will have to choose whether he wants to substitute the speech habits of the dominant culture for the habits of his own nonstandard dialect. The choice should be made available to him; he should not be made to live imprisoned with the nonstandard dialect all his life through lack of opportunity to move out of it into the standard dialect if he deems the move advantageous. More research, such as noted briefly here, is needed in analyzing white and Negro speech, before the standard dialect can be effectively taught. (Author/AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Notes on a talk given at the NCTE Pre-Convention Workshop, November 26, 1963, San Francisco, California