ERIC Number: ED040266
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Classroom Racial Balance and Students' Interracial Attitudes.
Koslin, Sandra; And Others
Relationships were studied between classroom racial balance (the evenness with which minority group students are distributed over classes in a grade) and the interracial attitudes of grade 3 students. Students took three attitude tests designed to measure different components of children's interracial attitudes: the Sociometric Choice Measure, the Classroom Preference Test, and The People Test. On the Sociometric Choice Measure, students most often nominated peers of their own race; on the Classroom Preference Test, students most often selected teachers and classmates of their own race; and, results for The People Test showed that both race and sex were used as criteria for the distances between stimulus figures--but that balance reduced the between figure distances deriving from sex and race. On the first two measures, too, interracial attitudes were more favorable in balanced than in unbalanced classes. Results of the study are held to show that racial balance index are clearly related to students' interracial attitudes. It is suggested that this index may prove useful as a way of differentiating between more and less successful instances of school integration. Tables of test results are appended. (RJ)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Classroom Desegregation, Classroom Environment, Grade 3, Measurement Instruments, Peer Relationship, Racial Attitudes, Racial Balance, Racial Relations, School Desegregation, Social Attitudes, Social Relations, Student Attitudes, Student Teacher Relationship, Test Results
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Riverside Research Inst., New York, NY.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.