ERIC Number: ED040204
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
The Expressive Vocabulary Inventory.
Few instruments have been developed for evaluation of expressive vocabulary in early childhood. This project attempted to develop an instrument sufficiently structured to call forth appropriate verbalization yet varied enough to elicit a wide range of responses, and to use the instrument to test whether socioeconomic class groupings can be differentiated by the quantity and quality of the child's verbal output. The Expressive Vocabulary Inventory (EVI), the instrument developed, consists of 40 items in which the child is shown a line-drawing and asked a question to which he answers the appropriate word or phrase. The EVI was given to 204 boys and 226 girls (145 Caucasian and 285 Negro, 300 low and 130 high socioeconomic status categories) in three age groups (36-47 months, 48-59 months, and 60-71 months). No statistically significant differences for sex were obtained within any of the age groups. Some support for a cumulative decrement could be seen by comparing the difference at age 3 with that at age 5, but the small number of 5-year- old children confounded the expected decrement with increase in age for the lower economic status children. (Directions for administering the EVI and sample items are appended.) (LH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Basic Vocabulary, Child Language, Disadvantaged Youth, Language Acquisition, Language Proficiency, Measurement Instruments, Measurement Techniques, Preschool Children, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Influences, Socioeconomic Status, Speech Communication, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.