ERIC Number: ED040080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-3
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Verbal Reward on the Behavior of Children in the Primary Grades at a Cognitive Task Typical of the New Elementary Science Curricula.
Lawlor, Francis Xavier
The subjects used in this study were 202 second grade pupils, representing the entire population from nine classrooms in four school buildings all located in a middle-class town. Treatment conditions were used which modeled reward conditions: (1) a neutral, no-overt-reward condition in which the tester quietly observed the subject working at the tasks; (2) a condition in which rewards were delivered only for acceptable solutions to the task problem; (3) a condition in which reward was not necessarily congruent with task achievement and in which rewards were delivered on a fixed time schedule. The experimental tasks were categorization or sorting tasks which required the children to attend to various physical properties of objects and to group them dichotomously on the basis of these properties. Findings indicated that the use of verbal rewards which are not congruent with behavior will result in less efficient problem-solving then either a neutral, no-reward situation, or the use of rewards which are congruent with the problem-solving behavior. (BR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Minneapolis, Minn., March 3-5, 1970)