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ERIC Number: ED040069
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-May-14
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of Enquiry in Ecology: 1: Principles of Biological Enquiry and Problems of Ecological Enquiry.
Connelly, F. Michael
This is the first paper in a two-part series describing the patterns of inquiry used in ecology. Ecological knowledge and research are analyzed in terms of two sets of concepts: ecological problem areas, and principles of biological inquiry. Problem areas identified are classification and taxonomy, energetics, nutrition and metabolism, genecology, and distribution. It is argued, using illustrations from the ecological literature, that different problem areas require different data and exhibit different methods and techniques. Four principles of biological inquiry are identified: the principle of antecedent-consequent, the principle of structure-function, the principle of homeostasis, and the principle of regulation. The effects of different principles on the modes of inquiry within a problem area are illustrated by comparing ecological research which focuses on the individual as the unit (an application of the principle of antecedent-consequent) with research that treats the community as a unit (using the principle of structure-function). (EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.