ERIC Number: ED039944
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-4
Reference Count: 0
Educational Intervention at Home by Mothers of Disadvantaged Infants.
Karnes, Merle B.; And Others
The use of mothers of disadvantaged children as agents of educational intervention is investigated in this study. (The complete report will appear in the December, 1970, issue of "Child Development.") The program was designed to aid children's development and to foster a sense of dignity and value in the mothers. One Caucasian and 15 Negro mothers, all from poverty environments, completed the 15-month training program. The initial ages of their children who participated in the program were between 13 and 27 months. The training program for the mothers consisted of a 2-hour meeting every week at which they learned teaching techniques based on the principles of positive reinforcement. The mothers were asked to use these techniques with their children every day. Though an actual control group could not be maintained, comparisons were made with a matched group and with a group of siblings who were not taught with the reinforcement techniques. Comparisons based on the Stanford-Binet, and the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities revealed the post-program superiority of the experimental group over both the matched group and the sibling group. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Inst. of Research for Exceptional Children.
Note: Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Educational Research Association, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 4, 1970