ERIC Number: ED039939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Attentional Preference and Experience: III. Visual Familiarity and Looking Time.
Greenberg, David; And Others
This study is the third of three investigating attentional preference in infants. In the second study (PS 003 071), infants gave initial attentional preference to familiar patterns of visual stimuli, and later switched their preference to the unfamiliar, novel stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to duplicate these results with improved experimental techniques, including additional controls. Each of a group of 24 infants and a control group of 10 infants received a bassinet and a stimulus pattern (mobiles of yarn tassels, streamers, paper balls) at about one month of age. Attentional preference was determined by a Rustrak event-recorder instead of the stopwatch used in the previous study. Reliability was also assured in this study by having two experienced examiners record looking times independently during a portion of the test. At 2 months of age, the infants were tested with the now-familiar pattern presented simultaneously with an unfamiliar one. Similar tests were made when the infants were 2 1/2 and 3 months old. At 3 1/4 months a new stimulus pattern was introduced for familiarization. Finally, at 3 1/2 months the newly-familiar pattern was tested against an unfamiliar one. The results did duplicate those of the previous study: infants gave most of their attention to a familiar stimulus pattern, then switched their preference to the unfamiliar pattern. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.