ERIC Number: ED039842
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jul-1
Reference Count: 0
Experimental Prevention of Underachievement Among Intelligent Impulsive College Students. Final Report.
Kipnis, David; Resnick, Jerome H.
This study investigated several methods of preventing academic underachievement among university students identified by test scores as impulsive. Sixty-four impulsive entering freshmen with SAT scores of 1000 or more were assigned in equal numbers to one of four conditions: (1) paid counseling--students were paid a weekly amount, contingent upon their attending a weekly group counseling session; (2) paid math--students were paid weekly amount, contingent upon their demonstrating that they had completed their previous week's mathematics assignment; (3) paid control--students were paid a weekly amount with no contingent effort required; and (4) unpaid control--no direct interventions were attempted beyond an initial testing for impulsivity prior to the beginning of the semester. Sixty-four non-impulsive entering freshmen served as additional controls in each of the four conditions. The main results were that weekly counseling significantly improved the final grades of the impulsive students. Paying students to study mathematics was only effective among impulsive students with SAT scores of 1060 or more. Among this group, final grades were significantly improved in comparison to the grades of the control group. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.