ERIC Number: ED039618
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Generalization of Independence Produced by Social Support.
Allen, Vernon L.; Boyanowsky, Ehor O.
The present study was conducted to determine whether independence produced by social support provided on one type of item in a group pressure situation would generalize to a different item on which the subject was opposed by a consensual group. Moreover, in one condition the group member providing social support varied over trials. It was predicted that this would result in lower conformity than when only one person repeatedly agreed with the subject. Subjects were 180 female undergraduates who were tested in groups using a Crutchfield kind of apparatus. Results showed that social support, i.e., the presence of a partner answering immediately prior to the subject, significantly reduced conformity on both visual and opinion items. Type of social support was differentially effective only for opinion items. Generalization of independence from social support to consensual group trials was not obtained. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.