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ERIC Number: ED039568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Intellectual Expectations for Others as the Result of Perceiving Different Patterns of Performance and the Locus of Control of the Perceiver.
Bartel, Helmut W.
The contention of this study is that persons perceive and interpret the behavior sequences of others differently as a function of the relative degree of their own experience and feeling of personal causation. Subjects were 96 paid female graduate students, representing the two extreme groups on the Rotter's Internal External Scale (I-E). All I's and E's were randomly assigned to the basic ascending (a) and descending (d) performance pattern conditions in one of four groups. Each subject had the opportunity to observe others' performance and to perform. Results of the study include: (1) externally controlled subjects (E) would rate themselves higher in the descending than in the ascending performance conditions; (2) E's, with the exception of the IQ ratings for others, showed the primacy effect for both self and other ratings, they never showed a recency effect; and (3) while not showing a recency effect for all criteria on self and other ratings, any recency effect found in the study was obtained for I's. (Author/SJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.; Indiana Univ., Bloomington.; Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. School of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 2-6, 1970