ERIC Number: ED039537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
Operant Strategies in the Training of Community Action Organizers.
Vargas, Ernest A.; Breslaw, Jerome
Planning, funding and operating anti-poverty programs require skilled community organizers. Training organizers deals with problems of how to motivate others and what tactics should be used when difficulty is encountered. Two approaches to these problems determined by images of 20th Century Man have been employed: (1) rational economic man who emphasizes punishment as sole means for social change; and (2) irrational, destructive Freudian man who brings about social change by altering the inner lives of other people. Both approaches rely on selective portions of what is apparent in human conduct. A new perspective on man's behavior (operant psychology), which holds that the understanding of man comes through examining his behavior and the conditions under which it occurs, has emerged. A training situation was set up which placed trainees in a state of deprivation (arranging for an event to be reinforced), followed by successive approximation (gradual build up from current behaviors to the training goal behaviors). (Author/MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 2-6, 1970