ERIC Number: ED039311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-24
Reference Count: 0
School Desegregation: "A Free and Open Society"; Policy Statement by Richard Nixon, President of the United States.
President Nixon's "purpose in this statement is to set forth in detail this Administration's policies on the subject of desegregation of America's elementary and secondary schools." Specific objectives of his statement are noted as follows: to reaffirm his personal belief that the 1954 Brown decision was right in both Constitutional and human terms; to assess progress in the years since that decision; to clarify the present state of the law and the Administration policies guided by it; to discuss difficulties encountered and explore approaches toward compliance with the Brown decision; and, to place the question of the desegregation of schools in its larger context--achievement of a free and open society. Discussing the President's own responsibility, the decisions arrived at by the Supreme and lower Courts, de jure segregation, and de facto segregation, the Chief Executive repeatedly emphasizes his stringent opposition to "massive busing programs" and his desire to allow "school boards, acting in good faith, to formulate plans which best suit the needs of their own localities" in the implementation of the process of desegregation. The principles of enforcement stated are held to encompass elimination of deliberate racial segregation of pupils and teachers and of discrimination with respect to school facilities, institution of the neighborhood school as the most appropriate base, and avoidance of interference in de facto racial imbalance. (RJ)
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Administrator Responsibility, Board of Education Role, Bus Transportation, Court Role, De Facto Segregation, De Jure Segregation, Desegregation Effects, Educational Facilities, Educational Finance, Elementary Schools, Racial Balance, Racial Segregation, Resource Allocation, School Segregation, Secondary Schools, Supreme Court Litigation, Teacher Integration
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.