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ERIC Number: ED039177
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychological Correlates of Speech Characteristics of Sounding "Disadvantaged": A Southern Replication.
Shamo, G. Wayne
A regional replication of the Williams Study of teacher evaluation of children's speech was attempted, using the same 40 language tapes as stimuli for 87 elementary school teachers, both black and white, from the Memphis, Tennessee, school district. During listening sessions, conducted during a teacher inservice program, subjects were asked to listen to the speaker for a few seconds and then complete one set of 22 semantic differential scales on each language sample. Data were subjected to three analyses appropriate to the three dimensions of the study--factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, and analysis of variance. Results indicated that two factors similar to the "confidence-eagerness" and "ethnicity-nonstandardness" factors observed by Williams were found, although enough differences were found in the detailed composition of factors to suspect any definiate theoretical model based upon the two factors. Even though the two factor model was not really definitive, similarities among evaluations by Northern and Southern teachers were striking. Partial and multiple correlations of linguistic cues indicated that even after very short exposure to a child's speech, teacher judgments tended to classify a child as being "culturally disadvantaged" if his verbal and grammatical patterns were not standard (particularly if his speech exhibited irregularities in grammar, silent pausing, and pronunciation). This stereotype was extended by the fact that such associations were also significantly related to child race. Such predictions, based on absolute ratings of both Northern and Southern teachers, were consistent across geographic boundaries. (Author/JES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A