ERIC Number: ED039025
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
A Social Learning Approach to Early Childhood Education.
Spaulding, Robert L.
Durham Education Improvement Program (EIP) seeks to counteract early stimulation deprivation with a classroom experience based on the reinforcement principles of social learning theory. The EIP classroom emphasizes both warm, personal attention from the teacher and carefully structured, concrete environments that invite exploration, language, and thought. Development of self control and intrinsic reinforcement through intellectual competence are classroom goals. A punishment is avoided except in cases of personal or property damage, and even then only consists of 3 to 5 minutes of isolation. Since teaching in an EIP classroom requires certain specialized skills, EIP teachers are trained in behavior analysis (through use of the Coping Analysis Schedule for Educational Settings) and reinforcement procedures. Initial program data (obtained through observations of behavior) show gains in socialization and readiness for academic instruction. Gains in intelligence have been noted for children who have been exposed to EIP programming for three years. Investigations will continue to assess the stability of behavioral changes. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC.; Durham Education Improvement Program, NC.