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ERIC Number: ED039020
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Aug-31
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Establishing Token Programs in Schools: Issues and Problems.
O'Leary, K. Daniel
This paper seeks to answer some of the questions asked by teachers and principals when a proposal for a token reinforcement system is introduced at a public school. The question of cost should not be a deterrent, since a well-planned token system puts little financial strain on a school, and the transition from tokens to social reinforcers can take place within 3 to 4 months without loss of appropriate behavior. At present, token systems should be undertaken on a pilot study basis in order to generate progress and evaluation data on the children involved. Necessary consultation time is not excessive when compared to therapist hours spent in traditional therapeutic centers. Teachers need not worry about the amount of time spent in the actual dispensing of tokens in the classroom, because the small amount of time it takes is more than made up for by time saved correcting inappropriate behaviors. A token reinforcement program can improve classroom behaviors but can only enhance academic behavior when academic materials are adequately presented. Bolstering the students' confidence, involving the parents, and providing reinforcement for teachers and administrators are also important elements in the success of a token program. Recommendations are given for the establishment of an effective token system. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook.