ERIC Number: ED038927
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-5
Reference Count: 0
Faculty Perceptions of Influence Relationships: A Situational Approach.
Cope, Robert G.
The objective of this study was to examine the ways existing and preferred influence relationships differed in academic departments in two situations. A questionnaire examining perceived power relationships was sent to 131 randomly selected faculty members in 6 social science departments at a state university. Three of the departments were in a period of stress as a result of contested tenure decisions, turnover of chairmen, and protest resignations. Eighty four members of the departments or 65% returned usable questionnaires. Faculty in non-stress departments reported greater reliance on legitimate, expert and referent powers for both themselves and their chairmen; respondents in stress departments reported greater use of reward and coercive powers, i.e. positive and negative sanctions. When asked for their preference, both stress and non-stress faculty tended to select the legitimate, expert, and referent bases of power. When power preferences of the "locals" (off-campus reference group orientation), it was found that the "locals" perceived and favored the use of referent and legitimate power, while "cosmopolitans" perceived more emphasis on the use of rewards, and expert power. (Author/AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 5, 1970