ERIC Number: ED038832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Criterion-Referenced Testing for the Measurement of Educational Outcomes.
Glaser, Robert; Cox, Richard C.
Achievement tests may be either norm-referenced or criterion-referenced. The norm-referenced test indicates an individual's proficiency level with respect to other individuals. A criterion-referenced test measures an individual's performance with respect to a specific level along the continuum of attainment. Further, an achievement test may be designed to show the characteristics of an individual's present behavior, or it may be used to provide information about the conditions or instructional treatments which produced that behavior. The purpose for which a test is to be used has implications for the construction of that test. Norm-referenced measures will suffice if grading of pupils is desired; alternative methods of test construction must be considered when criterion-referenced tests are desired. (JY)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Group Testing, Individual Testing, Measurement Techniques, Performance, Test Construction
University of Pittsburgh, Learning Research and Development Center, 160 N. Craig St., Pittsburgh, Penna. 15213 ($.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Reprinted from "Instructional Process and Media Innovation", edited by Robert A. Weisgerber, Chicago, Rand McNally, 1968, p545-550