ERIC Number: ED038623
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
An Experimental Investigation of the Relationship between Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in a Population of Disadvantaged Adults.
Renbarger, Ray Nisch
This study investigated whether the self-esteem of disadvantaged adult students can be influenced by group guidance experiences; and to what degree, and how, academic achievement is influenced by changes in self-esteem. Subjects (59 Negro women in a clerical training program in Detroit) were divided into two experimental and two control groups. A ten week group guidance experience was provided for experimental subjects. Pretest and posttest measures were obtained using the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale and a specially designed self-esteem inventory. Academic achievement was measured by the language arts and arithmetic achievement subtests of the Iowa Test of Basic Skills. Findings included the following: (1) group guidance appeared to exert a negative but insignificant influence on self-esteem; (2) improved self-esteem was positively related to improved academic achievement; (3) control group dropouts showed slightly lower self-esteem, and significantly lower language achievement, than persisters; (4) the disadvantaged adults did not score lower on self-esteem than a normal population. (Author/LY)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Dropouts, Adult Students, Analysis of Variance, Arithmetic, Bibliographies, Blacks, Control Groups, Day Students, Disadvantaged, Doctoral Dissertations, Evening Students, Experimental Groups, Females, Group Guidance, Language Arts, Research, Self Concept, Tests
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No. 69-20,919, MF $3.00, Xerography $8.60)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Iowa Tests of Basic Skills; Tennessee Self Concept Scale