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ERIC Number: ED038589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sequential Research Needs in Evolving Disciplines of Social Practice.
Knowles, Malcolm S.
The author suggests that the emerging fields of social practice (such as recreation, social work, and adult education) must all go through a sequential pattern of research needs, first superficially, and then in ever deeper cycles. The six phases of these research needs are: definition of the field (survey and descriptive studies, census studies, case reports, demographic studies); differentiation of the field (comparative and exploratory studies, reports of artistic experience, need analysis); standard-setting (normative-descriptive studies, evaluative research, instrumental studies); technological refinement (experimental research, case studies, theory-building, action research); respectability and justification (historical studies, biographical research, field-evaluative and survey-descriptive studies, comparative studies); and understanding of the dynamics of the field (institutional studies, environmental studies, force-field analysis, systems analysis, and prediction studies). (MF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A