ERIC Number: ED038404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Student Abilities in the Evaluation of Verbal Argument: A Normative Study. Report from Concepts in Verbal Argument Project.
Rott, Robert K.; And Others
A study conducted in four Wisconsin secondary schools attempted to measure student abilities in evaluating verbal argument and to determine the grade level at which verbal argument concepts and skills should be appropriately taught. Seven tests, known as the Wisconsin Tests of Testimony and Reasoning Assessment (WISTTRA), were administered to 3000 students in grades 7-12; three of the tests measured the ability to detect testimony violating common internal and external tests, and four tests measured the ability to recognize and question essential parts of an argument and to draw appropriate conclusions from it. Data indicated that (1) since the greatest change in mean scores between adjacent grades occurred between grades 9 and 10, grade 10 may be the optimum time to teach these abilities, (2) females seem to acquire these critical abilities earlier than do males, and (3) student scores on verbal argument correlated only low to moderate with their scores on intelligence and reading tests. (Included are charts which correlate test data at each grade level.) (See also ED 036 521, TE 001 784, and ED 016 658.) (JB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Critical Thinking, Grade 10, Intelligence Tests, Language Ability, Listening Comprehension, Logical Thinking, Measurement Instruments, Persuasive Discourse, Reading Tests, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Speech Instruction, Test Results, Verbal Development
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.