ERIC Number: ED038323
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
The Teaching-Learning Process, Set A, Using Research: A Key to Elementary School Mathematics.
Suydam, Marilyn N.; Weaver, J. Fred
Reported are the suggestions indicated by research studies to seven questions concerning what is known about the teaching and learning of mathematics. (1) What factors influence the learner's achievement? Answer: Age, intelligence, and the amount of structuring present in the materials. (2) Are there guides for motivation? Answer: Games, concrete materials, rewards, and an enthusiastic teacher seem most important. (3) Are there guides for reinforcement? Answer: Immediate knowledge of results seems most important. (4) Are there guides for retention? Answer: Meaningful developmental activities facilitate retention, followed by systematic review and practice. (5) Are there guides for transfer? Answer: The teaching must be planned with transfer as an objective; students should be taught how to transfer and generalize, preferably at their own ability level. (6) How do organization and instruction interact? Answer: No conclusion. (7) What is the role of discovery? Answer: Guided discovery groups generally achieve higher problem solving scores than expository groups; normally there is no difference on computation skill. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Center for Cooperative Research with Schools.